French researchers claim that the domestic cat has a vocal range of as many as sixty notes, from
a gentle purr to growls of varying intensity to the howl that sometimes annoys the neighbors.

The cat’s skeleton is quite close to that of the human, but it’s lack of a shoulder blade allows
freedom of movement of the foreleg, which can be turned in almost any direction and a cat also
has around 290 bones and 517 separate muscles.

Cats are the only four-footed animal, with the exception of camels and giraffes, that walk by
moving their front and hind legs first on one side and then the other. Only four cats really roar:
lions, tigers, leopards and jaguars.

A cat’s teeth, from newborn kitten to the largest lion, are the most awesome weapons in the
mammal kingdom They are very sharp, and finely serrated like a knife. The curved, pointed
canines are set in the cat’s jaw so that the molars fit together with their sides intact, like a pair of
scissors, rather than tooth to tooth, as is the case with humans and most other mammals.

With powerful leg muscles, especially in their hind legs, the domestic cat has been known to
reach running speeds of up to twenty-five miles an hour. A frightened cat can run up to 30 mph
— while the fastest human can only run up to 27.89 mph.

Both female and male cats reach puberty at approximately six months of age,. Males will act
more territorial, disappear for days and “spray” their scent. Females will lower themselves close
to the ground and meow as if in pain when they go into heat.

Domestic cats spend about 70% of their day sleeping and 15% of the day grooming. Non-
pedigree cats generally liver longer than pedigree cats. Cats were domesticated about 3,000 B.C.
in Egypt.

Cats were brought to the Americas by colonists to protect their granaries and as pets. As settlers
moved inland, cats accompanied them.

“Polydactyl” means “many toes.” Perhaps the most famous polydactyl cats were those raised
by Ernest Hemingway, who had over 60 of these big-pawed charmers at his home in Key West,
descendants of a 6-toed cat given him by a sea-faring captain.

It is a common belief that cats are color blind. However, studies have shown that cats can
distinguish between red and green; red and blue; red and gray; green and blue; green and gray;
blue and gray; yellow and blue, and yellow and gray.

The top two rows of a cat’s whiskers can move independently of the lower two rows. This allows
maximum perception of the cat’s immediate surroundings.

Cats outnumber dogs by millions as house pets. In the US alone, there are about sixty million.
In the US, thirty seven percent of houses have at least one pet cat. In the UK, about twenty five
percent of houses have at least one pet cat. In Australia, twenty six percent of houses have at
least one pet cat. There are about five hundred million pet cats in the world.